ASC 842 Overview

The ASC 842 Lease Accounting Standard

In 2019, the latest FASB standard on lease accounting, ASC 842 (ASU 2018-11), went into effect for most public companies. Other entities, including private companies, were granted a later adoption date, which has now been extended to years beginning after December 15, 2021 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Among other requirements, ASC 842 declared that most leases need to be capitalized and recorded on to the balance sheet.

The new lease accounting standard

Why the ASC 842 standard was introduced

The financial statement fraud in Enron, WorldCom and others were drivers to the creation of the lease accounting standard. ASC 842 closed the loophole which allowed corporations to hide certain assets and liabilities off-balance sheet. Under the standard, companies are required to capitalize most leases on the balance sheet — reporting them as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. As a result of the shift, capitalized lease obligations face increased auditor scrutiny, pushing companies to focus on ensuring accuracy and completeness of what they report as well as leading to greater transparency and comparability of financial statements.

What is the ASC 842 Standard?


ASC 842 guide

This is a brief introduction to ASC 842. For more detail on the technical lease accounting as well as how companies can successfully achieve and maintain compliance with the standard, download our full ASC 842 Handbook.

ASC 842 Deadline

When is the ASC 842 effective date?

The following is a table showing when private companies need to transition to the new lease accounting rules: Early adoption is permitted for all organizations, but very few major public companies elected to early adopt. It is expected that private companies will follow the same pattern for adopting ASC 842 guidelines. This is primarily because the transition process is a huge undertaking and ongoing compliance requires new processes, controls and often FTEs. Organizations with sizable lease portfolios should make use of all the time between now and the ASC 842 effective date to identify leases, extract data, input data into a lease accounting system, and test the system under the standard’s rules, among other steps.

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The major lease accounting changes with ASC 842

Use our free ASC 842 lease accounting examples

Finance lease

Operating lease

Classifying leases with ASC 842

Check how your leases are classified under ASC 842 using this lease classification decision tree.

Classifying Leases with ASC 842

ASC 842 Operating lease example

Toolkit with everything you need to get started quickly and easily.

ASC 842 lease
accounting handbook

For companies who want to achieve and maintain compliance with the lease accounting standard.

ASC 842 Capital/Finance lease example

Toolkit with everything you need to get started quickly and easily.

Compliance in a day. Self-service upload. ASC 842 is easier with EZLease.